Emma S. Norman, Ph.D.

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Norman, Emma S.. 2015. Governing Transboundary Waters: Canada, the United States, and Indigenous Communities. London: Routledge Press, Earthscan Series in Water Resource Management. Order from Routledge Press here. Order from Amazon here.

Norman, Emma S., Cook, Christina, and Cohen, Alice (eds). 2015. Negotiating Water Governance: Why the Politics of Scale Matter. London: Ashgate Press. Forthcoming. Order from Ashgate Press here. Order from Amazon here.

Norman, Emma S., Cohen, Alice, and Bakker, Karen (eds). 2013. Water without Borders?: Canada, the United States and Shared Waters. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Order from U of T Press here.  Order from Amazon here. Book website: www.waterwithoutborders.info


Journal Articles | Book Chapters | Encyclopedia Entries


Norman, Emma S. 2017. Standing up for Inherent Rights: The role of Indigenous-led Activism in Protecting Sacred Waters and Ways of Life. 30(4): 537-553. Society & Natural Resources.  Link here http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2016.1274459.

Norman, Emma S. 2017. Water, Fish, and Power in the Salish Sea Basin: Indigenous Treaty Rights and Water Politics in the Anthropocene. Special Issue: The Shifting Geopolitics of Water in the Anthropocene. Geopolitics. 22(2): 15-19.  Link here http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2017.1282279

Gagnon VS, HS Gorman, ES Norman. 2017. Power and politics in research design and practice: Opening up space for social equity in interdisciplinary, multi-jurisdictional, and community-based research. Gateways: International Journal of Community Research, 10:164–184. DOI 10.5130/ijcre.v10i1.5307.

Jepson, Wendy, Budds, Jessica, Eichelberger, Laura, Harris, Leila, Norman, Emma, O'Reily, Kathleen, Pearson, Amber, Shah, Sameer, Shinn, Jamie, Staddon, Chad, Stoler, Justin, Wutich, Amber, Young, Sera. 2017 forthcoming. Advancing human capabilities for water security: A relational approach. Water Security. Link here

Wutich, Amber, Budds, Jessica, Eichelberger, Laura, Jepson, Wendy,Harris, Leila, Norman, Emma, O'Reily, Kathleen, Pearson, Amber, Shah, Sameer, Shinn, Jamie, Staddon, Chad, Stoler, Justin, Young, Sera. 2017 forthcoming. Advancing human capabilities for water security: Diverse Methodological approaches to measuring water security. Water Security.


Norman, E.S. and Cohen, A. 2016. Treaties, Wars, and Salish Sea Watersheds: The Constructed Boundaries of Water Governance in L. Heasley and D. McFarlane (eds), Border Flows: A Century of Canadian-American Water Relations. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. 65-86.  Open Access Full Book Available here

Norman, E.S. and Bakker, K. 2016. Transcending borders through postcolonial water governance? Indigenous Water Governance across the Canada-US border in S. Renzetti and D.P. Dupont. (eds) Water Policy and Governance in Canada. New York: Springer. 139-157.  Link to Chapter here. Order book here.

Gorman, H. S., Gagnon, Valoree S, and  Norman, E.S. 2016. Local impacts, global sources: The governance of boundary-crossing chemicals. Chemistry and Global History. 54(4): 443-459. Link here. DOI 10.1177/0073275316681804

Perlinger, Judith, Gorman, Hugh.  Norman, Emma S., Obrist, Daniel, Selin, Henrik., Selin, Noel., Urban, Noel. and Wu, Shialang, 2016. Measurement and Modeling of Atmosphere-Surface Exchangeable Pollutants (ASEPs) To Better Understand their Environmental Cycling and Planetary Boundaries. Environmental Science and Technology. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b03447.  Download here.

Kreuze, Amanda, Schelly, Chelsea, and Norman, Emma Norman. 2016. To frack or not to frack: Perceptions of the risks and opportunities of high-volume hydraulic fracturing in the United States. Energy Research and Social Science. 20:45-54 Download here.


Norman, Emma S. and Bakker, Karen. 2015. Do good fences make good neighbours? Canada-United States transboundary water governance, the Boundary Waters Treaty, and 21st century challenges. Water International.   40(1): 199-213.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02508060.2014.978973 Download here

Norman, E.S., Cohen, A. and Bakker, K. 2015. The Water Convention from a North American Perspective in A. Tanzi, O. McIntyre, A. Kolliopoulos, and A. Rieu-Clarke (eds) edited volume, The UNECE Convention to the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes; Its Contribution to Internation. Boston: Brill Press. Download here


Khalyani, Azad Henareh, Mayer, Audrey and Norman, Emma S. 2014. Water Flows Towards Power: Kurdish socioecological disenfranchisement of Lake Urmia, Iran. Society and Natural Resources. Insights and Applications. 27(7): 759-767. Link to Artlce here  

Norman, Emma S. 2014. Taking the ‘Frogs Eye View’: How Place Based Learning and Talking Circles Foster Life-Long Learning. American Indian College Fund: Mellon Tribal College Research Journal. 1(1) 162-190 Download article here Download full journal here

Norman, E.S. 2014.  “Locating the Border in Boundary Bay: Non-point pollution, contaminated shellfish, and transboundary governance” in R. Jones and C. Johnson (eds), Placing the Border in Every day Life. London: Ashgate Press.  Order Book from Ashgate here, from Amazon here


Norman, Emma S., Dunn, G., Bakker, K. Allen, D.A., R. Cavalcanti de Albuquerque. 2013. Water Security Assessment: Integrating Governance and Freshwater Indicators. Water Resources Management. Volume 27, Issue 2 Page 535-551 DOI: 10.1007/s11269-012-0200-4. Link to Article

Norman, Emma S. 2013. Who's counting? Spatial politics, ecocolonisation, and the politics of calculation in Boundary Bay, Area (Royal Geographical Society). 45(2) 179-187 DOI: 10.1111/area.12000. Dowlnoad here

Norman, Emma S. 2013. Water. Annotated Bibliography in Geography, Warf, Barney (ed) New York: Oxford University Press.  Downdload here.


Norman, Emma Karen Bakker, and Christina Cook. 2012. Introduction to the Themed Section: Water Governance and the Politics of Scale. Water Alternatives 5(1): 52-61.

Norman, Emma. 2012. Cultural Politics and Transboundary Resource Governance in the Salish Sea. Water Alternatives 5(1): 138-160.

Norman, Emma, Dunn, Gemma, Christina Cook, and Bakker, Karen. 2012. Working towards Water Security: Fostering Good Governance Practices through Adaptive Governance in K. Bakker and  D. Allen (eds) Water Security Guidance Document.  Vancouver: Program on Water Governance.

Dunn, Gemma, Norman, Emma, and Bakker, Karen. 2012. Water Security Status Indicators (WSSI) in K. Bakker and  D. Allen (eds) Water Security Guidance Document.  Vancouver: Program on Water Governance.


Norman, Emma S., Karen Bakker, and Gemma Dunn. 2011. Recent Developments in Canadian Water Policy: An emerging water security paradigm, Canadian Water Resources Journal. 36(1): 53-66, http://pubs.cwra.org/doi/abs/10.4296/cwrj3601053

Norman, Emma and K. Bakker. 2010. Governing Water across the Canada-U.S. Borderland, in M. Gattinger and G. Hale (eds), Borders and Bridges: Navigating Canada’s International Policy Relations in a North America Context. Toronto: Oxford University Press. 194-212.  ISBN 978-0195432008


Norman, E.S. and D. Carr. 2010. World Summit on Sustainable Development in B. Warf (ed) Encyclopedia of Geography. London: Sage Publications. Vol. 6, pages 3132-3133 Available: http://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Abstract_n1260.html

Carr, D.L. and E.S. Norman. 2010. United Nations. Environmental Summits in B. Warf (ed) Encyclopedia of Geography. London: Sage Publications. Vol. 6, pages 2906-2907 Available: http://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Abstract_n1174.html

Lopez, A.C., E.S. Norman and D.L. Carr David. 2010. United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio 1992. in B. Warf (ed) Encyclopedia of Geography. London: Sage Publications. Vol. 6 2905-2906. Available: http://www.sage-ereference.com/geography/Abstract_n1173.html

Norman, Emma S. 2010. Place Based Education in Indian Country Teaching and Learning Toolkit Series.  Northwest Indian College, Bellingham, Washington.

Norman, Emma S. 2010. Pedagogical Best Practices: Roundtable Discussions.Teaching and Learning Toolkit Series, Northwest Indian College, Bellingham, Washington.

Norman, Emma S. January 2010.  Boundless Water and Bounded People: The Cultural and Social Implications of Shellfish Closures in Boundary Bay, Enduring Legacies Native Case Collection,  Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington.


Norman, Emma S. and Bakker, K. 2009. Transgressing Scales: Transboundary Water Governance across the Canada - U.S. Borderland. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 99 (1): 99-117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00045600802317218

Norman, E. S., Carr D. 2009. Rio Summit in Kitchin R, Thrift N (eds) International Encyclopedia of Human Geography I, Volume 9, pp. 406-411. Oxford: Elsevier.

Norman, Emma S. May 2009. Luna / Tsu-xiit the “Whale”: Governance Across (Political and Cultural) Borders.  Enduring Legacies Native Case Collection, Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington.

Carr, David and Emma S. Norman. 2008. Global Civil Society? The Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development. Geoforum 39(1): 358-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2007.07.006


Norman, Emma S. and Jean O. Melious. 2008. Hidden Waters: Transboundary Environmental Management across the 49th Parallel. Border Bio-Regions and Coastal Corridors: Transnational Policy Challenges in Western North America. University of Calgary Press. Editors Don Alper, Chad Day, and James Loucky. 195-218.

Norman, Emma and Melious, Jean. 2004. Transboundary Environmental Management: A Study of the Abbotsford-Sumas Aquifer in British Columbia and Western Washington. Journal of Borderlands Study. 19(2): 101-119. Dowload Article here

Policy Briefs

Norman, E.S. Indigenous space, citizenry, and the cultural politics of transboundary water governance. United Nations Global Water Forum, Discussion Paper 1248 November 2012. ‚ÄčLink here

Norman, E.S., Bakker, K. & Cook, C. 2012, Water governance and the politics of scale: How thinking critically about scale can help create better water governance GWF Discussion Paper 1226, Global Water Forum, Canberra, Australia. Link here 

Norman, Emma, Cohen, Alice, Bakker, Karen (eds). June 2012. Hotspots and Collaboration: How problems can inspire innovative solutions. Water Without Borders? Briefing Notes. Vancouver: Program on Water Governance. Link to Briefs here. Download Compiled PDF of Briefs here.

Emma Norman with Karen Bakker, Christina Cook, Gemma Dunn and Diana Allen. 2010. Water Security: A Primer (Policy Report). Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance. Download PDF here.

Version française: La sécurité hydrique: Guide d’introduction Downlaod PDF here.

Norman, Emma S. and Bakker, Karen. 2007. Local Canada  U.S. Transboundary Water Governance: Issues, Drivers and Barriers. (Briefing Note). Vancouver, BC: Program on Water Governance.

Norman, Emma and Bakker, Karen. 2007. Local Stakeholders Governing Water across the 49th Parallel. Bellingham, WA: Border Policy Research Institute: Western Washington University, 2007. 1-4. Vol. 2. 

Norman, Emma and Bakker, Karen. 2005. Drivers and Barriers of Cooperation in Transboundary Water Governance: A Case Study of Western Canada and the United States. Report to The Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation. 

Norman, Emma and Bakker, Karen. 2004 Transboundary Groundwater Governance: An Annotated Bibliography Vancouver, BC: Program on Water Governance.

Norman, Emma. 2004. Point Grey Pre-University History: Coast Salish and Industry. Recovering the University Fabric: A Campus History.

Book Reviews 

Norman, E.S. 2016. Book Review of Islands’ Spirit Rising: Reclaiming the Forests of Haida Gwaii. 2015. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. By Louise Takeda. Review of Policy Research. Link to article here

Norman, E.S. 2014. Book Review of Where the River Ends: Contested Indigeneity in the Mexican Colorado Delta. By Shaylih Muehlmann. Durham: Duke University. Environmental History. July 2014. Link to article here

Norman, Emma S. March 2014. Book Review for Down the drain: how we are failing to protect our water resources, by Ralph Pentland and Chris Wood. 
Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries.  Download here

Norman, Emma S. 2014. Book Review of Field and Streams: Stream Restoration, Neoliberalism, and the Future of Environmental Science, by Rebecca Lave. Social & Cultural Geography,  DOI: 10.1080/14649365.2013.858890  Link to Article: here

Norman, Emma S. December 2013. Book Review of A Story of Six Rivers: History, Culture, and Ecology, by Peter Coates.  Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Download here

Norman, Emma S.  March 2013. Book Review of A ditch in time: the city, the West, and water, by Patricia Nelson Limerick with Jason L. Hanson et al. Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Download here

Thesis and Dissertation 

Norman, Emma S. March 2009. Navigating Bordered Geographies: Water Governance along the Canada-U.S. border.  Unpublished Dissertation, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia. Advisors:  Matthew Evenden and Karen Bakker; Committee Members: Trevor Barnes, Douglas Harris. Download here.

Spenner, Emma. May 2001. Transboundary Environmental Management: A Study of the Abbotsford-Sumas Aquifer in Western Washington and Southern British Columbia, Unpublished Masters Thesis, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA. Advisor: Jean O. Melious.

Dr. Emma S. Norman

Department Chair,
Native Environmental Science
Northwest Indian College
O: 360-392-4309